Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it most commonly affects the pelvis or the long bones in the arms and legs. Bone cancer is rare, making up less than 1 percent of all cancers. In fact, noncancerous bone tumors are much more common than cancerous ones.
The cancers in other body parts metastatize into the bones but then they are not termed as bone cancers and are known as metastasis of the primary cancer.
Symptoms of Bone Cancer
Look for the following symptoms that may be a warning sign for bone cancer:
Pain in any Bone, especially long bones
Swelling in the region
Weak bone leading to fracture
Unexplained Weight Loss
Bone Scan is one of the best diagnostic test to detect bone cancer. Biopsy of the affected bone however is the only confirmative test for bone cancer. Once it is established that it is bone cancer then whole body PET Scan is done to find out whether the cancer is localized to the bone or spread to other organs of the body.
Surgery - Just like any other cancer, surgery is the best treatment option in bone cancer also. The goal of surgery is to remove the entire cancerous tumor. In most cases, this involves special techniques to remove the tumor in one single piece, along with a small portion of healthy tissue that surrounds it. The surgeon replaces the lost bone with some bone from another area of your body, with material from a bone bank or with a replacement made of metal and hard plastic. This is followed by Chemotherapy Cycles in some cases. Sometimes amputation is the last resort to remove the tumour.
The cost of investigations for bone cancer is in the range of USD 500-700 in India while the cost of bone cancer surgery in India would be in the range of USD 5000-8000.
The hospital stay for bone cancer surgery would be 3-5 days and post discharge stay in India would be about 2 weeks. So you should ideally plan a trip for about 3-4 weeks to India for getting the complete treatment. You can send your reports by email or whatsapp to get an estimate about the cost of the treatment before arriving in India.
The boarding and lodging cost for the patient and one attendant in a decent airconditioned guest house would be around USD 40-60 per day. For query please whatsapp at +91-9958222443 or email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Bone Tumour Surgery is best done by orthopaedic cancer or bone cancer surgeon in India. There are very few orthoapedic cancer or bone cancer surgeons in India. Dr Jagandeep Singh Virk is one of the best and extensively trained orthopaedic cancer or bone cancer surgeon available at Mohali, Punjab. Bone tumours are not very common but they can be very painful as they cause weakening of bones. Hence they need to be operated at the earliest.
Once you have been diagnosed with the bone tumour whether cancerous or benign you need to see a bone cancer or orthopaedic cancer specialist as soon as possible. Tumour can weaken the bones where they have grown and lead to fractures. Hence every patient who has been diagnosed with bone tumour needs to see the surgeon and get operated at th earliest.
During recovery, it is very important to keep your fingers moving to keep them from getting stiff. Your bone cancer surgeon will have you start walking at the right time for your fracture. Recovery time varies and depends on a lot of factors. It is not unusual for recovery to take months. Even then, some patients may have stiffness or aching. You will gradually start walking with support followed by walker then gradually to stick and then independently.
Dr Mukesh Jain is the Director of Orthopaedics at Vardhman Hospital, Muzaffarnagar
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